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Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia

Once coal removal is complete, final regrading takes place and the area is revegetated. The operation is required to reclaim the mine to "AOC" or "approximate original contours" unless this requirement has been waived by the agency that has granted the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) permit for the operation. Top of Page

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  • Vol 40 No 1  Surface Mining of Coal  The Kansas School

    Vol 40 No 1 Surface Mining of Coal The Kansas School

    by John Richard Schrock. Although the majority of surface mining is used to extract coal, bauxite (aluminum ore), phosphates, iron and copper ores, zinc, lead, nickel, and diamonds are also surface mined. Large portions of these minerals are in deposits that are …

  • Surface mining  Wikipedia

    Surface mining Wikipedia

    Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.

  • The Actual Difference Between Surface and Underground Mining

    The Actual Difference Between Surface and Underground Mining

    Feb 23, 2018 · Surface mining is commonly used to extract coal and copper, and increasingly, precious metals like gold. Underground mining is used for gold, platinum, zinc, lead, and increasingly, coal. As can be seen, surface mining is much more advantageous than its counterpart.

  • Mining  Surface mining

    Mining Surface mining

    Mining - Mining - Surface mining: It has been estimated that more than two-thirds of the world’s yearly mineral production is extracted by surface mining. There are several types of surface mining, but the three most common are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying. These differ from one another in the mine geometries created, the techniques used, and the minerals produced.

  • Ch. 16 Environmental Faulk Flashcards | Quizlet

    Ch. 16 Environmental Faulk Flashcards | Quizlet

    subsurface mining is when soil and rocks are removed to reach underlying coal and minerals. Longwall mining a more efficient method of removing coal from a subsurface stream.

  • what is a grader for complex surface mining for coal

    what is a grader for complex surface mining for coal

    what is a grader for complex surface mining for coal 4.8 - 6978 Ratings ] The Gulin product line, consisting of more than 30 machines, sets the standard for our industry.

  • Mining Flashcards | Quizlet

    Mining Flashcards | Quizlet

    A form of surface mining in which bulldozers, power shovels, or stripping wheels remove the overburden in strips. It is used in areas with fairly flat terrain. An earthmover strips the overburden and then a power shovel digs a cut to remove the mineral deposit. It is typically used for coal and some phosphate rock.

  • Coal

    Coal

    Coal Mining Coal companies use two methods to mine coal: surface mining and underground mining. Surface mining is used to extract about one-third of the coal in the United States. Surface mining can be used when the coal is buried less than 200 feet underground. In surface mining, the topsoil and layers of rock are removed to expose large ...

  • Mining Terms

    Mining Terms

    Pit Limit: is the maximum vertical and lateral extent which may be excavated economically in an open pit mine. Pit Slope: is the angle from the horizontal which the wall of …

  • Mining  Surface mining

    Mining Surface mining

    Mining - Mining - Surface mining: It has been estimated that more than two-thirds of the world’s yearly mineral production is extracted by surface mining. There are several types of surface mining, but the three most common are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying. These differ from one another in the mine geometries created, the techniques used, and the minerals produced.

  • Reading: Mining | Geology

    Reading: Mining | Geology

    Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner.. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot ...

  • Mine reclamation  Wikipedia

    Mine reclamation Wikipedia

    The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. It established permitting guidelines for existing and future coal mines as well as a trust fund to finance the reclamation of abandoned mines .

  • Third grade Lesson Coal Mining  An Introduction

    Third grade Lesson Coal Mining An Introduction

    For their homework, I ask them to share this piece of information with someone at home OR to write 3 questions they have that, if answered, could deepen their understanding of the impacts of coal mining. I tell them that tomorrow they will choose one of two types of coal mining to examine a bit further, surface mining or deep underground mining.

  • Coal Quiz  Coal Education

    Coal Quiz Coal Education

    There are two basic ways to mine coal. Surface mining is used when coal is found close to the surface or on hillsides. Underground mining is used to extract coal lying deep beneath the Earth’s surface or in seams exposed on hillsides.

  • Mining  Wikipedia

    Mining Wikipedia

    Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the Earth, usually from an ore body, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.These deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay.

  • Coal Mining Methods  EMFI

    Coal Mining Methods EMFI

    the surface. The Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 requires that mine entries consist of at least three parallel passageways (three-entry systems), so that if one is accidentally blocked the others afford a means of escape; at least one provides an airway for mine ventilation. However, the Act allows a mining company to use two

  • OSMRE WR Programs  State and Tribal Oversight: Wyoming

    OSMRE WR Programs State and Tribal Oversight: Wyoming

    The Land Quality Division (LQD) of the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality administers the States reclamation program regulating surface coal mining in Wyoming. The LQD evaluates surface mining permit applications, permit revision applications, and permit renewal applications to ensure mining can be accomplished in an environmentally sound manner; approves or disapproves permit …

  • Surface mining

    Surface mining

    This process is called surface mining and was widely used as a method for extracting coal in the Ohio River valley and in England. This technique is also used for mining phosphate deposits, gypsum, gravel, limestone, copper, iron, and other minerals.

  • Coal Hollow Mine

    Coal Hollow Mine

    The U.S. Governments Official Website for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) Western Region (WR). OSMREs business practices are to reclaim abandoned mine lands (Title IV), regulate active coal mines (Title V), and apply sound science through technology transfer.