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Physical threats are not the only concerns for coal miners, the risk of respiratory damage from the high levels of chemical particles and dust associated with deep coal mining includes well-known issues like black lung (coal worker’s pneumoconiosis) and progressive massive fibrosis (PMF).
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Coal Mine Safety and Health enforces the Mine Act at all coal mines in the United States. Enforcement activities include: Conducting numerous inspections, including mandatory quarterly inspections of underground coal mines and semiannual inspections of surface coal mines and facilities each year. Investigating fatal and serious nonfatal accidents.
The principal airborne hazards in the mining industry include several types of particulates, naturally occurring gases, engine exhaust and some chemical vapours; the principal physical hazards are noise, segmental vibration, heat, changes in barometric pressure and ionizing radiation. These occur in varying combinations depending on the mine or quarry, its depth, the composition of the ore and surrounding …
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Coal mining deep underground involves a higher safety risk than coal mined in opencast pits, due primarily to problems associated with mine ventilation and the potential for mine collapse. However, there are safety risks associated with all forms of coal mining, not least because of the heavy machinery utilised in coal excavation. Mining explosions are a safety risk in underground mining.
Strip mining exposes coal by removing earth above each coal seam. This earth is referred to as overburden and is removed in long strips. The overburden from the first strip is deposited in an area outside the planned mining area and referred to as out-of-pit dumping.
6 Emerging Issues in Mining Safety and Health. Physical conditions such as mine depth, seam inclination, and seam thickness are likely to create a more challenging mining environment. The Mining Program should stay abreast of advances in mining methods and equipment and be prepared to offer recommendations where appropriate.
Powered Haulage in Coal Mines. Powered haulage collisions killed 21 workers in coal mines between 2011 and 2015. As mines have increased in size in recent years, so have the size and number of machines used to transport people, materials, waste, and supplies. As a result, powered haulage is routinely among the deadliest hazards in coal mines.
This article describes the present situation with regard to conditions in mines, the diseases and disabilities resulting from them, and measures that can be taken to prevent or treat them. The hazards covered are: accidents, dust (including poisoning by certain ores), high temperature and humidity, noise and vibration, toxic gases, and miscellaneous other hazards.
There were two big engineering problems in mining coal underground: A system to drain water from the mine ; A system to ventilate the mine and to provide fresh air to the miners. A special problem in coal mines was the methane (a gas) that sometimes accompanied coal, and which could--and too often did--catch fire and explode.
Another accident at a coal mine in southwest China claimed 22 lives. In fact, China has some of the most dangerous mines in the world, and authorities have scrambled to try to enforce safety rules. If you’re considering a career in mining, it is crucial that you take the following safety measures to keep your time in the mines as trouble-free as possible.
Because of the existing hazards of mining as an activity and the complexity of mining machinery and equipment and the associated systems, procedures and methods, it is not possible to be naturally safe.
psychosocial occupational health hazards of mining and associated metallurgical processes. Mining remains an important industrial sector in many parts of the world and although substantial progress has been made in the control of occupational health hazards, there …
Mine safety is a broad term referring to the practice of controlling and managing a wide range of hazards associated with the life cycle of mining-related activities. Mine safety practice involves the implementation of recognised hazard controls and/or reduction of risks associated with mining activities to legally, socially and morally acceptable levels.
Dr. Douglas Johns is the new Spokane Mining Research Division Director. Blasting Design DRIFT is a program to design perimeter control blast rounds for typical underground drifting applications.
Do You Know a coal miner who would like to become a WV State Mine Inspector or Safety Instructor? Go to this page for more information. The West Virginia Office of Miners Health, Safety and Training is responsible for the enforcement of the West Virginia Mine Safety …
Mine rescue teams compete in contests across the country to prepare themselves to operate effectively in a mine emergency. Provide or view comments on MSHA regulations to repeal, replace or modify Read submitted comments or provide new comments under EO 13777, enforcing the regulatory reform agenda.
The Division of Mine Safety has a long and proud history of providing mine rescue services for underground mining operations in Kentucky. Accident Investigation Our goal is to ensure that all coal miners in the Commonwealth have a safe work environment and to foster safe work practices that will ensure each coal miner returns home uninjured.
Major Group 12: Coal Mining. This major group includes establishments primarily engaged in producing bituminous coal, anthracite, and lignite. Included are mining operations and preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not …
Coal dust. Dark-brown to black solid dispersed in air. Properties vary depending upon the specific coal type. Combustible Solid; slightly explosive when exposed to flame.